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Raising Sheep in Wisconsin: What You Need to Know

Ready to Raise Sheep?

Are you thinking of raising sheep in Wisconsin? It’s a great idea! Sheep farming can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience, but it’s important to do your research before getting started. Read on to discover some key things you need to know before raising sheep in Wisconsin.

The Climate and Geography of Wisconsin

Wisconsin has a humid continental climate, which means that the summers are warm and the winters are cold. The state also has a diverse geography, with rolling hills, flat plains, and rugged terrain with the bluffs and coulees of the driftless region in the southwestern part of the state. As a sheep farmer, you’ll need to consider how the climate and geography will affect your sheep’s health and well-being.

Regulations and permits

Before starting a sheep farm in Wisconsin, it’s important to understand the regulations and permits that apply. Some things to consider include:

  • Zoning laws that may restrict the use of your land for farming
  • Animal welfare regulations that govern the care and treatment of sheep
  • Permits that may be required for selling meat or wool products

Cost of Raising sheep

Another factor to consider is the cost of sheep. Raising sheep can be expensive, so it’s important to budget accordingly. Some of the costs you’ll need to consider include:

  • Buying or leasing land for your sheep to graze on
  • Buying or leasing equipment such as fencing, shearing tools, and feeders
  • Purchasing sheep
  • Feeding and caring for your sheep
  • Veterinary care

Types of Sheep to Consider

Next, you will want to decide which type of sheep is best for you. There are several different breeds of sheep to consider when starting a sheep farm in Wisconsin. Some popular breeds include:

  • Suffolk: These sheep are known for their hardiness and adaptability to a variety of climates. They also have good mothering abilities.
  • Dorset: These sheep are known for their high fertility rates and good meat quality.
  • Hampshire: These sheep are known for their fast growth rates and good meat quality.
  • Shetland: These sheep are smaller in size and have soft, fine wool.

Feeding Sheep

Sheep are ruminants, which means they have a four-chambered stomach that allows them to digest plant material that other animals cannot. Sheep are herbivores and their diet should consist of mostly forage, such as hay, pasture, and silage. Forage provides sheep with the nutrients they need to stay healthy and productive.

In addition to forage, sheep may also need to be supplemented with grain, protein, and minerals. The amount and type of supplement will vary depending on the age, breed, and production level of the sheep. For example, pregnant and lactating ewes will need more nutrients than non-breeding ewes.

It is important to provide sheep with fresh, clean water at all times. Sheep can get dehydrated quickly, so it is important to check their water supply regularly.

Here are some tips for feeding sheep:

  • Provide a variety of forage, including hay, pasture, and silage.
  • Supplement with grain, protein, and minerals as needed.
  • Provide fresh, clean water at all times.
  • Monitor sheep’s body condition and adjust their diet accordingly.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your sheep are getting the nutrients they need to stay healthy and productive.

Health Concerns

In addition to providing a proper diet, it is important to understand other health issues that sheep can be susceptible to. It’s important to have a plan in place for keeping your sheep healthy and you should have a veterinarian in mind in case you encounter any of these issues. Some common health concerns include:

  • Parasites such as worms and lice
  • Footrot
  • Pneumonia
  • Scrapie

Understanding Sheep Behavior

The mental well-being of your sheep is just as important as their physical well-being. After all, sheep have their own unique behaviors and tendencies, so it’s important to understand their needs and preferences. Some things to consider include:

  • Sheep are social animals and thrive in groups. It’s important to have at least two sheep so they can keep each other company.
  • Sheep are grazers and need access to fresh pasture. They also need fresh water and shelter from the elements.
  • Sheep can be skittish and easily spooked, so it’s important to handle them gently and calmly.

Marketing your sheep and their products

If you’re raising sheep for meat or wool, you’ll need to have a plan in place for marketing your products. Some things to consider include:

  • Finding local markets for your products
  • Developing a brand and marketing strategy
  • Building relationships with customers


Raising sheep in Wisconsin can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience, but it’s important to do your research before getting started. By understanding the climate and geography of Wisconsin, choosing the right sheep breed, budgeting for expenses, understanding sheep diet, behavior, and health concerns, how to market your products, and complying with regulations and permits, you’ll be well on your way to a successful sheep farming venture. And for all your sheep-related questions and needs, contact Chaseburg Co-Op. We have everything you need for happy, productive sheep. Good luck!